We’ve all experienced the odd blemish on our skin before. Usually these disappear after a few days or with help from a facial treatment. However, some blemishes can become permanent and this can lead to not only frustration, but also make people feel and look older than they actually are.
If you’re concerned about changes in the appearance of your skin you might be experiencing a skin condition known as hyperpigmentation.
What is hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is when patches or blotches of skin become darker than a person’s normal skin tone. These changes occur when there is an excess amount of a pigment known as melanin in the skin. Melanin is a pigment found in our skin, eyes and hair and plays a crucial part in determining our colouring – whether we’re fair skinned, dark skinned, or olive skinned for example.
Hyperpigmentation can affect both the young and old, as well as many different skin tones and types.
What can cause hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is different for everybody. Some people – usually the older generation – overproduce melanin because of prolonged exposure to the sun. These darker blotches on the skin are sometimes called liver spots. Hyperpigmentation can also occur through using birth control pills or other types of medication.
Pregnant women are also partial to hyperpigmentation. Known as melasama, this can affect 90% of pregnant women and is usually attributed to the changes in hormones throughout pregnancy.
Hyperpigmentation is a condition that acne patients are all too familiar with. When the skin suffers a trauma it heals by producing a higher amount of melanin and pigment. The excessive amount of pigment then darkens and can leave a discolouration to the skin.
Some medical conditions can also cause discolouration of the skin. These include Addison’s disease, celiac disease, and Cushing’s disease.
Reaching for a cigarette? Not only are they incredibly bad for your health, they can also be a catalyst in causing hyperpigmentation.
How can you fix hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation itself isn’t a health risk, however it can be incredibly frustrating for the person whose skin tone is affected. Many people look to correct hyperpigmentation through a number of treatments:
Microdermabrasion uses diamond tipped technology to help smooth away skin blemishes. A non-invasive procedure, microdermabrasion can leave skin feeling rejuvenated and refreshed and can help decrease the appearance of hyperpigmentation.
A chemical peel can be a fantastic step toward eradicating hyperpigmentation. The chemical peel will stimulate the growth of a new layer of skin – think of it as a really deep exfoliation – which can then regrow blemish free.
Can you keep hyperpigmentation from reoccurring?
If you suffer from hyperpigmentation due to sun exposure – the answer is simply be more cautious when exposing the skin to UV rays. However, if a medical condition such as acne is a regular occurrence and hyperpigmentation is part of this, you may want to seek medical advice on how you can treat hyperpigmentation in the long term.
Have more questions about hyperpigmentation? Book a complimentary consultation with one of our qualified medical professionals.